Samuel Johnson once wrote, "Whoever wishes to attain an English style, familiar but not coarse, and elegant but not ostentatious, must give his days and nights to the study of Addison." From his birth in Milston, Wiltshire in the south of England to his days in the British government, Joseph Addison found ways of making his writing work for him. At age 21, Addison had already graduated from Oxford, been made a fellow of Magdalen, and had developed relationships with Dryden and others. He had also published a book, and an original translation of Georgics by Virgil. His notoriety eventually landed him a £300 pension to tour Europe, and he returned to England in 1704, where his state commissioned poem The Campaign earned him a post as Commissioner of Appeals in Halifax. While working in various government positions, including Secretary of State, Addison worked closely with Richard Steele, first as a writer for the Tatler, which first ran in 1709, and then as a co-founder of the Spectator and the Guardian between 1711 and 1714. His drama, Cato, was released in 1713, and by 1715 he had begun work on his political paper, The Freeloader. He passed away at Holland House in Kensington, west London in 1719. He was 47 years old.
(Compiled by Joey Franklin)